- Pen holder - the largest overall part that is held to use the pen and holds the pen nib in the front end (usually the largest end).
- Grip - where the pen is held and is often custom shapes and material for better gripping.
- Gripper, Pen insert - this is what holds the pen nib. It can widely vary in material and construction depending on brand and intended pen nib size.
- Pen nib - sometimes also called a pen point. The nib is the actual part that comes in contact with paper.
The image below is a closer look at the typical pen nibs I use. Pen nibs vary in sizes and shapes depending on the type of nib and the intended use; however, all nibs have the same basic parts listed.
- Tail, Heel, Base - this part is inserted into the pen holder.
- Body, Shank - the overall part of the nib.
- Vent, Breather Hole - acts like a ink reservoir to feed the slit.
- Shoulders - the end of the body that starts the transition to the tines
- Tines - the harder the nib is pressed onto paper the wider the tines will spread apart (increasing the Slit #6) to make a wider line.
- Slit - the gap between the two tines. The wider the slit gets the wider the line will be.
- Tip, Point - the tip created by the tines, and is the only part of the nib that touches paper.